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Spondylolisthesis

Symptoms, Causes, and General Information

Spondylolisthesis describes a spinal defect that causes a vertebra to protrude forward or backward from the disc above or below. When this occurs the vertebrae exerts pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve root causing pain and discomfort. It is most common in the lumbar spine. This condition often results from repetitive concussive vertical force on the spine and is common among athletes, specifically gymnasts.
 
The Different Types:
•Degenerative- Commonly found in older patients. Occurs when the disc loses fluid
over time, and become unable to absorb shock and resist spinal movement.
•Spondylitic- This condition occurs from a fracture in the spine, leading to the bone slipping out of place. This is seen in 5% – 7% of the population and is especially prevalent among adolescents.
•Congenital- This type would be a result of being born with an abnormal formation, resulting in the disc slipping out of place.
 
Spondylolistheis symptoms would include:
  • Lower back pain
  • Tight and sore hamstrings
  • Back spasms
  • Walking with a gait or waddle
  • Pain or numbness in foot Causes:
  • Repetitive force or injury to the spine
  • Sudden trauma or impact
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Spinal Fracture
  • Genetic Predisposition